Florida labor laws have specific provisions pertaining to employee hours. These provisions are different for adults and minor employees. For those working in the state--as well as those employing workers in Florida--it is important to be aware of these specific labor laws. Employees will want to make sure they are getting what is due to them. Employers will want to avoid committing costly infractions of state law.
The State of Florida does not have specific laws pertaining to overtime for all employees. This means that employees must be covered by the Federal Labor Standards Act to receive overtime. This federal law applies to almost all private sector employees in the state. Employees covered by this act receive pay at one-and-a-half times their normal pay rate for every hour more than 40 hours they work in a week. A week is defined as seven consecutive 24-hour periods.
The one overtime law that the State of Florida has pertains to manual labor. State law defines a work day for manual labor as 10 hours in length. Manual laborers working longer than 10 hours in a day must receive overtime pay. However, Florida state law allows this limit to be set lower--or higher--by the presence of a written contract.
Minors Under 16
Florida state labor law restricts the number of hours that minors under the age of 16 may work and what time of day these hours may be. When school is in session, minors of this age may not work more than three hours in a day. Other days, minors under 16 may work as many as eight hours in a day. Regardless of how many hours a minor may work in a day, Florida law allows them to work no more than 15 hours in a week, except during summer months, when they may work as many as 40 hours in a week.
Minors of this age may work no later than 7 p.m. or earlier than 7 a.m., except during summer months when they may work as late as 9 p.m.
Minors Over 16
Minors enjoy special protection with regard to hours until their 18th birthday in Florida. State law prohibits minors older than 16 but younger than 18 from working earlier than 6:30 a.m. or later than 11 p.m. Minors of this age are further prohibited from working during school hours unless their work is part of a certified vocational training program. Minors may work no more than eight hours in a day or 30 hours in a week when school is in session. Their working hours are not limited at other times.
Florida state law does not mandate any kind of break period for workers over the age of 18. Workers under the age of 18 must receive a half-hour meal break with no interruptions every time they work more than four hours. This applies whether school is in session or not.