The right for U.S. citizens to bear arms, including for use in hunting, is enshrined in the Second Amendment. However, this right can be withdrawn from anyone who has been convicted of a federal or state felony. A crime punishable with a year or more in prison is considered a felony crime, and a person convicted of such a crime is a "felon". Felons are prohibited from hunting with firearms under federal laws and Alabama regulations.
Federal law generally prohibits any convicted felon from having any contact with either firearms or ammunition. Felons cannot use use firearms for hunting activities. Alabama state law prohibits anyone convicted of a violent crime from owning a "pistol" (by definition, a gun with a barrel less than 12 inches long). Violation of federal or state laws can result in a prison sentence of up to ten years.
Although firearms are generally prohibited for felons to use in hunting activities in Alabama, there are non-firearm alternatives which can be used for hunting. Examples include bows and crossbows.
Although a felon is not allowed to use firearms, an ex-felon may be allowed to hunt with guns. Once convicted of a felony, a person can become an ex-felon by either having their conviction overturned by a court, or by applying to the state for clemency.
Alabama deer-hunting licenses are required for all hunters over the age of 16. The only exception is Alabama residents over the age of 65, who are not required to obtain a deer-hunting license. Felons are allowed to apply for and hold an Alabama deer-hunting license, but must not use a firearm when carrying out licensed deer-hunting. They must hunt with a non-firearm weapon, such as a bow. Archery permits are available when a hunter is physically limited, and they can be apply for them separately, with supporting medical evidence.