Table of Contents:
- Swimming Pool Fence Laws in Pennsylvania
- Massachusetts Swimming Pool Fence Law
- Swimming Pool Fence Laws in Georgia
Height of the Fencing
Pennsylvania's law requires that the fence be at least four feet tall and that the middle rail be 45 inches above the rail at the bottom.
Spacing of the Fence
The spacing rules are that the pickets must be four inches or less apart, and there must be a four inch space between the ground and the bottom rail.
The Gate of the Fence
Pennsylvania's swimming pool fencing law requires that the gate be self-closing and self-latching, and that it opens out. The mechanism to open the fence must have a latch that is at least 54 inches above the ground.
The Inspection of the Fence
Before you build your fence, a building inspector must approve the type of fence and the type of construction you will use. After building your fence, you will need to have it inspected to ensure that it meets the Pennsylvania swimming pool fence laws.
Older Inground Swimming Pools, Wading pools and Therapeutic Pools
Inground swimming pools, wading pools (defined as a basin chiefly for children with a maximum depth of 2 feet) and therapeutic pools (such as spas and hot tubs) that were constructed before October 2, 1975 need to be surrounded by a secure fence that is a minimum height of 4 feet tall. The gates for the fencing enclosures must be secured with latches that are at least 4 feet above the ground so that small children cannot reach them or are inaccessible to children who are younger than 8 years old.
Newer Inground Swimming Pools, Wading pools and Therapeutic Pools
Inground swimming pools, wading pools and therapeutic pools that have been constructed after October 2, 1975 need to be surrounded by a secure fence that is a minimum height of 6 feet tall. Gate latches must be self-closing and self-latching and be placed at a height no lower than 4 feet above ground level. The latches must be mounted on the inside of the gate and be inaccessible to children who are younger than 8 years old. There are no gaps allowed in the fencing or gate area that are wider than 3 inches.
Indoor Swimming Pools
Indoor swimming pools must also be enclosed by a barrier that is a minimum height of 4 feet above floor level. Again, the latch must be self-closing and there can be no gaps wider than 3 inches in the fencing or gate area. Doors leading to the pool area must be self-closing and self-latching. All latches must be mounted at least 4 feet above the ground.
Public Swimming Pools
The same fencing regulations for inground pools apply to public swimming pools. In addition, no place of entry is allowed except through a bathhouse.
Access to above-ground pools must be secured with a barrier placed at least 4 feet above the ground.
Like other states, Georgia has swimming pool fence laws in place to protect children from becoming drowning victims. Following these laws is important not only to protect children, but also to protect the pool owner from liability. It is important, however, for pool owners to check with their local government as some Georgia municipalities may enforce more stringent laws than others.
Fence Regulations and Pool Entrances
Georgia law requires swimming pools to be completely fenced in. Homeowners are allowed to use their house as one side of the fence. If using the house as part of the fence, however, homeowners are required to install an alarm on the door leading to the pool from the inside of the home. Any other gates or pool entryways must be mounted so that they open out, or away from the pool. Gates are not allowed to push open toward the pool from the outside of the fence.
Preventing Climbing and Squeezing
In order to keep children out of the pool area, it is important to make sure that pool fencing can not be climbed or squeezed through or under. Georgia law requires pool fences to be at least 4 feet tall and to begin no higher than 4 inches above the ground. If the pool fence contains vertical slats, they must be less than 4 inches apart so that small children can not squeeze through them. Chain-link fences may not contain any openings larger than 1 ¾ inches in diameter. Fences must be designed in such a way that they do not provide foot- and hand-holds that could enable climbing.
Gates in swimming pool fences must be self-closing and latching, and latches must be installed at the proper place. When the pool fence is more than 4 feet tall, gate latches must be mounted no less than 4 feet above the ground. If the fence is no taller than the 4-foot minimum height, gate latches must be installed within 6 inches from the top of the fence. In order to prevent children from reaching through the fence to open a gate, there should be no fence openings within 18 inches of the latch release.