The process for obtaining citizenship in the Russian Federation is regulated by the Russian Constitution and by Federal Law No. 62-FZ, also known as "On Citizenship of the Russian Federation," which went into effect in 2002. Many Russians acquired their citizenship by birth or by descent, but for those that want to become Russian citizens by naturalization, there is an application process. For those seeking naturalized citizenship, there are two processes -- a usual manner and a simplified manner. The simplified manner is for those who meet special requirements. There also is a process allowing for those who previously held Russian citizenship to reacquire it.
Obtaining Citizenship by Naturalization
Live continuously in the Russian Federation for five years, spending no more than three months of each year outside the country. This can be reduced to three years with high achievement in science, technology and culture, or with special talent of interest to the Russian Federation. The residency also can be reduced in cases in which the applicant has been granted political asylum. The reduction in this instance is done in the simplified manner.
Fill out the application for citizenship.
Attach the required documents, including your passport, birth certificate, photograph and marriage certificate, if necessary. The documents required for the simplified manner are different, and include a migration card, a departure card and passports of your near of kin who are Russian citizens.
Reject your current citizenship, except in certain cases in which the Russian Federation is obligated by international treaty to allow dual citizenship.