The Internal Revenue Service lets you claim a deduction on your federal income taxes for losing lottery tickets you purchase during the year. But before you count on a hefty deduction for all those losing scratch-off, Keno and Powerball tickets, note that the tax rules significantly limit the amount of lottery tickets you can claim. In addition, the IRS imposes a number of other requirements you'll have to satisfy before taking the deduction.
Report All Gambling Winnings
Whether your winnings relate to lottery tickets, some luck you had at a casino or from picking a winning horse at the racetrack, the IRS treats the windfall as taxable gambling winnings that you're required to report on your return. These winnings are taxable regardless of whether or not you have losing lottery tickets or other gambling losses to deduct. Your lottery and other gambling winnings can only be reported on the “Other income” line of Form 1040. As a result, you're ineligible to file your taxes on the shorter Forms 1040A and 1040-EZ if you have gambling winnings to report and plan on claiming a deduction for lottery tickets.
Maximum Deduction Allowed
Your lottery ticket deduction is always limited to the amount of gambling income reported on your return. For example, suppose you won $100 on a scratch-off ticket that cost $10. In this case, your taxable gambling winnings are $90 – the difference between the wager and the prize. Reporting $90 of lottery winnings as income on your federal taxes means your maximum lottery ticket deduction is also $90. Any amount you spend on lottery tickets in excess of $90 is nondeductible.
Deductions for lottery tickets can only be reported on Schedule A as an Other Miscellaneous Expense. This means you'll need to itemize all of your expenses instead of taking the standard deduction. Itemizing generally is beneficial only if the total amount of expenses you report is more than the standard deduction available for your filing status. Unless your losing lottery ticket deduction is more than the standard deduction by itself, you'll likely need to report additional deductible expenses on Schedule A. This might include mortgage interest, state income taxes, job-related costs and charitable contributions, for example, in order to see the tax savings of itemizing your lottery tickets.
Keep a Diary of Wins and Losses
In order to claim lottery tickets on your federal taxes, the IRS requires you to maintain a diary of all your gambling wins and losses for the year. The IRS suggests writing down the dates you purchase lottery tickets, their cost, the place where you bought them, the names of other people who may be with you and the amount you win or lose on each ticket. Holding on to all of your losing tickets can be a good idea in the event the IRS ever questions the validity of your deduction.