When a state or federal legislature passes a law, it becomes known as a statute. Some statutes direct an act, such as those requiring people to have a license while driving a car. Others forbid an act, such as statutes prohibiting the murder of another person without a legal justification such as self-defense. Statutory provisions expand upon the subject matter and describe when the law applies, to whom the law applies and the penalty for violating the law.
Statutory Provisions Provide Details
A law can have from very few to thousands of statutory provisions. For example, the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion and national origin. Its provisions are organized by title categories, such as discrimination in public accommodations, which is addressed in Title II. The title's first provision describes every person's right to "the full and equal enjoyment of the goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, and accommodations of any place of public accommodations...without discrimination or segregation on the ground of race, color, religion, or national origin." Provisions that follow define what establishments are considered public accommodations and describe remedies available to victims of discrimination.