Medicare Rules on Nail Debridement

By Mary Jane Freeman
A podiatrist giving a treatment to a patient's foot

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A podiatrist, or foot doctor, diagnoses and treats conditions of the foot along with the ankle and related areas of the leg. Although Medicare reimburses podiatrists for a variety of foot-related procedures, nail debridement is one of the most common. However, Medicare will reimburse a podiatrist for nail debridement conducted on a patient only if the procedure is medically necessary and reasonable.

Nail Debridement Can't Be Routine Foot Care

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services defines nail debridement as the "removal of a diseased toenail bed or viable nail plate." It can be done manually or with an electric grinder. Medicare will only cover nail debridement if it is medically necessary, which is when the patient has a systemic condition caused by a vascular or neurological disease that has resulted in diminished sensation or circulation, or has mycosis of the toenail with limited movement and pain or a secondary infection caused by one or more mycotic toenails. If the nail debridement is not done for one of these reasons, it is considered routine foot care, which is not covered by Medicare. If the nail debridement meets Medicare's medically necessary requirement, it will cover the service once every 60 days.

About the Author

Based on the West Coast, Mary Jane Freeman has been writing professionally since 1994, specializing in the topics of business and law. Freeman's work has appeared in a variety of publications, including LegalZoom, Essence, Reuters and Chicago Sun-Times. Freeman holds a Master of Science in public policy and management and Juris Doctor. Freeman is self-employed and works as a policy analyst and legal consultant.

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