The standards for maintaining a safe and healthy workplace are outlined by the Occupational Safety and Health Act. These standards are put into place to protect workers from serious and life threatening injuries in the workplace. The Occupational Safety and Health Act has been amended since 1970 to improve its ability to promote safety and health in the workplace.
Access to Information
Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act, employers must post the regulations of OSHA in an area where it is accessible to all employees. This will ensure that all workers know their rights. Employees must also have access to full training in identifying hazards in the workplace. They must receive full training in the prevention of work-related injuries. Employers must provide information sheets for any chemicals that are used at work. OSHA suggests that all employees must also be made aware of emergency policies and procedures.
Employee Rights and Responsibilities
With regards to employee health and safety it is emphasized by OSHA that workers have the right to deny participation in work that they feel is unsafe. It is also the responsibility of the worker to report any unsafe conditions in the workplace to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and request that a qualified inspector visit their place of employment. Workers have the right to refuse dangerous work and request a workplace inspection without fear of job loss or retaliation.
As outlined by osha.gov, the Occupational Safety and Health Act indicates that the workplace must meet a healthy standard of cleanliness, and that all stairways and floor openings must be protected by a sturdy guardrail. In the event that working conditions involve hazards such as excessive noise, hazardous fumes and potential falling objects workers must be equipped with protective gear. Osha.gov also states that, "All walking and working surfaces must be in good repair and free from splinters, protruding nails, and loose floor boards."