The Occupational Safety Hazard Administration oversees and enforces federal regulations relating to personal safety in the work place. OSHA mandates that employees working high above the ground receive training in the use of safety equipment and safety practices as part of its regulations governing construction work. The nature, subject matter and frequency of training provided for construction workers all fall under the purview of OSHA regulation 1926.503.
General Training Requirements
OSHA requires employers to provide training to employees that may be at risk for falling hazards. Training programs implemented by employers are required to teach employees how to recognize falling hazards and how to minimize the risks they present by properly using the appropriate fall arrest systems and techniques.
Employers are required to provide a competent trainer qualified to teach employees about falling hazards. The training topics required for employees include the nature of fall hazards in the work place and the correct procedures for implementation, usage and maintenance of fall protection systems. Training programs must also teach each employee their role in the usage of the safety monitoring system, if it is used, and the limitations of physical safety equipment on low sloped roofs. Training programs must also instruct employees in procedures for handling and storing materials and equipment, and the construction of overhead protection. Finally, employees are required to learn their overall role in employer fall protection plans.
Training Certification Requirements
Employers are required to maintain written documentation detailing the training received by employees. OSHA specifically requires employers to record the identity of the employee, the date of their training and the trainer's signature. If employee training was conducted by another employer, the date of that training should be recorded instead to reflect the latest date of training.
OSHA requires that employees be retrained whenever their employer has cause to believe that the employee does not understand or possess the required safety skills. This may be caused by the obsolescence of training methods due to changes around the workplace or changes in the types of fall protection systems used. In addition to changes in equipment and environment a retraining may be necessary for employees who did not learn the material the first time for whatever reason.