Because there is no state law guaranteeing short-term disability benefits in Minnesota, you may be unable to obtain them, especially if you were not working at the time of the injury. If you are employed, there are several resources available to help determine if your employer provides benefits, and if you qualify for those benefits in part or in full. If unemployed, consider the possibility of long-term disability benefits, monitored by the Minnesota Department of Human Services.
Contact your union representative if you are a member. It's their job to stay informed about your rights as a worker, and if your company offers short-term disability benefits, they will know what steps you must take to apply.
Contact your department's human resources manager if you aren't part of a union. Ask if temporary disability pay is available. If so, what steps will you need to take to qualify?
Obtain a copy of your company's policies on paid disability leave, and any form required to apply for benefits from your HR manager.
Gather proof of your illness or injury. This can include doctor's notes, medical bills or hospital discharge papers. Make copies of everything to distribute to your workplace and/or union. Make sure you never give out your last copy. Save one for your own files.
Consider taking a non-paid leave if your workplace doesn't offer temporary disability benefits. Minnesota law requires employers to give temporarily disabled employees 12 weeks of unpaid leave upon furnishing proof of a serious disability.
Contact your employer and let them know if you are going to be out of commission for more than five months. In disability cases that last more than five months, Social Security will pay out your disability benefits anywhere in the state.