The right of privacy is the expectation to be free from intrusion into one’s private life. A code of conduct is used by an organization to establish allowable employee behaviors regarding customers' privacy.
Right of Privacy Definition
The concept of privacy is one that speaks to our individual rights. The definition of the right to privacy is an expectation of freedom from intrusion into one’s private life. It is also defined by the right to be free from publicity about personal matters. As private citizens, we have an expectation that the actions we take and things we discuss are private unless overtly done in a public forum.
The U.S. Constitution does not explicitly mention the right to privacy. The right to privacy primarily comes from U.S. Supreme Court case law, which interprets the Constitution as protecting personal freedoms that include the right to privacy. This interpretation provides protection from government interference into private areas of life, such as marriage and birth control.
Privacy is also statutorily mandated by the Federal Trade Commission. The FTC enforces laws that protect personal financial information, govern use of personal information by financial institutions and limit access to personal information.
Code of Conduct Definition
A code of conduct is used by an organization to establish allowable employee behaviors. Also called a code of ethics, it can be used to clarify an organization's principles and values, establish standards and encourage effective decision-making. Most companies have a code of conduct that employees must familiarize themselves with and follow. Employees who violate such a code can be penalized or dismissed.
Codes of conduct are tools used in both private and public business. They are not established or suggested in the Constitution, but public companies are mandated to have codes of conduct under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
Privacy and Code of Conduct in Business
Many businesses put their privacy policies and codes of conduct on their websites, allowing for full transparency. Doing so may make visitors more comfortable transmitting their private information electronically.