An individual may be placed on probation by a court in California when he has committed certain types of crimes. Probation, either supervised or unsupervised, is intended as a motivation to deter future criminal activity. Probation is generally implemented instead of time in custody while parole is implemented after time in prison. Both are types of monitored community supervision.
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Unsupervised probation is granted in a few cases that meet specific guidelines. Generally, terms include: obey all federal, state and local laws; report any police contact to your probation officer within 72 hours; complete all community service hours as directed,;and pay all court fees as ordered. Unsupervised probation may be deemed appropriate for offenders who did not commit violent or alcohol or drug-related crimes.
According to the American Probation and Parole Association, supervised probation terms generally consist of the following: obey all federal, state and local laws; do not contact any other felons; pay all court fees, including applicable fines and restitution; do not possess any type of weapon, including a knife; submit to search and seizure of property or vehicle at any time; report to probation officer as directed; permit home and employment visits as needed; report any change of address to your probation officer within 72 hours; do not leave the state without written permission from your probation officer; seek and maintain employment and report any change of employment status to your probation officer within 72 hours; do not use, sell or possess alcohol or illegal drugs; use any other prescription drugs only with a valid prescription; submit to urinalysis testing as ordered; attend counseling as directed; complete community service hours as ordered; have no contact with the victim in the case without court permission; and notify your probation officer of any police contact within 72 hours. Special terms and conditions of probation may also apply. These may include the following: abide by sex offender, domestic violence, mental health, intensive probation, gang, white collar, or drug offender terms; attend specialized counseling as directed; abide by curfew; and submit all financial information to your probation officer.
If a probationer violates his terms of probation, he can be arrested. California law dictates three options, including probation reinstatement with or without a jail term and revocation of probation with a prison sentence.