Purpose of Regulation
Regulation laws may be passed to protect the public from what is viewed as unethical or dangerous business activities.
Example of Regulation
For example, New Zealand regulates research on biotechnology to protect public health and safety and to ensure ethical research practices.
Purpose of Deregulation
Deregulation may be enacted because regulations may be seen as harmful to businesses or competition.
Example of Deregulation
An example of deregulation is the U.S. Energy Policy Act of 1992, which removed restrictions on American electricity companies in an attempt to increase competition.
Problems of Deregulation
Deregulation can create disruption in the market and harm consumers. For example, Tom Allison, a counsel to the U.S. Senate Commerce Committee, argued that deregulation of the American airline industry led to disruptions and increased costs.