Sworn statements are used in a variety of circumstances, from law enforcement to litigation of lawsuits. Sworn statements are given under oath and under penalty of perjury. Sworn statements can be taken by police officers, notaries and court reporters, among others. The classic "Do you swear that the statements you have made are the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth," fills the bill for a sworn oath when answered in the affirmative.
Sworn Statement Contents
Sworn statements must include the fact that they are made under penalty of perjury, or lying under oath. Penalties for perjury include prison terms and fines. The sworn statement should also include the individual's name and address, the date and the name of the official swearing the witness. The witness can write down his version of the facts, or the official can write them down as the witness narrates what he saw or the circumstances he is swearing are true. When finished, the witness must sign the statement after reading it over and determining it is accurate. Any corrections, erasures or crossed-out words should be initialed. The official must also sign his name to the statement. These sworn statements, or affidavits, are most often used in legal proceedings.