Fraud occurs when someone intentionally misrepresents themselves with the objective of defrauding another person or entity resulting in some form of injury. Some of the most common types of fraud include but are not limited to mail fraud, wire fraud, check fraud, identity theft schemes and advanced fee schemes. Fraud offenses are typically investigated by various federal agencies, and prosecuted in accordance with the law. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is one such federal agency that investigates fraud crimes.
The Reporting Process
Locate the nearest FBI field office that has jurisdiction in your local area. You will find a link to this page in the Resources section.
The FBI has many field offices across the continental United States. Each of these field offices has jurisdiction over specific states or geographic areas, and is supervised by a Special Agent in Charge (SAC).
Select the "Use your zip code" option under the "To find which field office serves a particular area.." section in the middle of the page. You will be redirected to another page where you can enter your zip code. Enter your zip code and click on the "Go" button. You will be provided with the specific FBI field office that has jurisdiction over your location.
Copy the complete address of your local FBI field office, and contact them directly by phone. Ask to speak to an SAC. Your call will be routed to an SAC. Tell the SAC that you are calling to report a fraud crime.
You will need to provide the SAC with the following information: - Your full name and contact address - Details about the fraud crime - The full name, address, and telephone number of the perpetrator - Any supporting/collaborating evidence you might have about the fraud crime
Upon providing the above information, the FBI, depending on the circumstances, may work with other federal and local agencies to ensure that the fraud crime is investigated. Due to the sophisticated nature of fraud crimes, FBI investigations could take several weeks, if not months.
- In addition to contacting your local FBI field office, you can also report a fraud crime by filing an online complaint if the fraud was committed on the Internet or the Internet was used in some way during the crime. The FBI has partnered with other federal agencies such as the Bureau of Justice Assistance and the National White Collar Crime Center to create the Internet Crime Complaint Center (ICCC). To file a complaint on the ICCC, see the resources section for a link to the website.