How to Verify Immigration Status of Employees

••• Ingram Publishing/Ingram Publishing/Getty Images

Employee Provides Background Information on Form I-9

The first step in verifying a new hire's eligibility to work in the states is to have him complete Form I-9, Employment Eligibility Verification. You are required by law to have a completed I-9 on file for each employee you hire, whether a U.S. citizen or noncitizen. Your employee must complete Section 1 of Form I-9 no later than his first date of employment, but not before he has accepted your job offer. He provides information such as his name, date of birth and whether he is a U.S. citizen. You, or your authorized representative, must complete Section 2 of this form within three business days of your employee's first workday. In that section, you note the identification the employee provided, such as a passport or a permanent resident card.

Employee Information Submitted to Government Database

Next, you submit the data to E-Verify, an online federal database, where the information is compared with data from the U.S. Department of State, Homeland Security and Social Security Administration. Using E-Verify is voluntary, unless your state requires you to do so. Other than work eligibility, E-Verify does not provide any additional immigration, citizenship or document information about the employee.


About the Author

Based on the West Coast, Mary Jane Freeman has been writing professionally since 1994, specializing in the topics of business and law. Freeman's work has appeared in a variety of publications, including LegalZoom, Essence, Reuters and Chicago Sun-Times. Freeman holds a Master of Science in public policy and management and Juris Doctor. Freeman is self-employed and works as a policy analyst and legal consultant.

Photo Credits

  • Ingram Publishing/Ingram Publishing/Getty Images