A living trust is a popular estate planning tool. The person who creates the trust, the "grantor," transfers ownership of assets to the trust. The grantor retains the power to revoke the trust during his lifetime and is usually named as the trustee. As trustee, the grantor retains control over the assets in the trust. Upon his death, the assets are distributed to the beneficiaries named in the trust. Living trusts usually do not need a taxpayer identification number because trust income is reported on the grantor’s individual federal income tax return. However, a taxpayer identification number, also called an employer identification number, may be needed under certain circumstances.
Determine if a taxpayer identification number is required. Generally, a federal taxpayer identification number is not required. However, in a few specific circumstances, it might be -- for example, if you're incapacitated or the government requires it in order for you to qualify for certain benefits. If you're in doubt about whether you need one, consult a legal professional.
Read More: How to Set Up a Tax ID Number for a Trust Account
Locate the Employer Identification Number application on the Internal Revenue Service website by clicking the "Businesses" tab at the top of the page. Then select the "Small Business/Self-Employed" tab. Select "Employer ID Numbers," and then select "Apply for an EIN Online." On the next page, select "Apply Online Now" to access the application. The online application is only available Monday through Friday, from 6:00 a.m. to 12:30 a.m. Eastern time, and Saturday, from 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. Eastern time.
Begin by identifying the legal structure as a trust by clicking on the button next to the word "trust." Click on the "Trust (all others)" option when asked to identify the type of trust. Click "Continue" to confirm your selection. Complete the balance of the application by providing the name and address of the trustee, as well as all other information requested, including the date the trust was funded.
Confirm the method by which you wish to receive the taxpayer identification number. The identification number will be sent to the applicant by regular mail or online, depending on the method you choose at the end of the online application. Online numbers are issued in a matter of minutes.
Dennis Masino practiced and taught law for many years before he began writing professionally in 2009. His articles on law, real estate and business topics can be seen on many websites. He is the author of two published books on drunk driving laws and holds degrees in law and finance.