In Ohio, you may terminate a marriage by divorce, dissolution, or annulment. Unlike a divorce, an annulment treats the marriage as if it never occurred. There are six grounds for establishing an annulment in Ohio. Once the annulment is complete, both parties have the right to remarry.
Be a resident of Ohio for at least 6 months prior to filing the annulment complaint.
Decide the grounds for annulment. In Ohio, you can seek a marriage annulment if you or your spouse committed bigamy; you are under the marriageable age stated under Ohio law (18 for males and 16 for females); either party was mentally incompetent at the time of the marriage; consent to the marriage by either spouse was obtained by fraud or force; the marriage results in incest; or that the marriage was never consummated although otherwise valid.
File your annulment petition in your local court. Visit your local court or check online to complete the appropriate forms. There may be filing fees that accompany your complaint. Note that the time period for seeking an annulment depends on the grounds for which the annulment is based. For example, an action based on underage marriage must be brought prior to the party reaching the legal marriage age.
Understand that, once submitted to the court, the annulment process can take several months, assuming you and your spouse can reach an agreement. In other cases, where an agreement cannot be reached, the case must go to court and can last a year or longer.