If you want a divorce and both spouses do not contest the divorce, a lawyer will not be necessary. You can file the paperwork yourself to seek a divorce, otherwise known as a "dissolution of marriage" in the state of Oregon. The court will provide a counselor to assist with paperwork and legal proceedings during the filing stage of the divorce. You do not need a reason to divorce someone, as the state of Oregon allows "no-fault" divorces.
Visit a counselor in the Family Court office of your county courthouse. You do not need to set up an appointment for this visit, though an appointment may be necessary for future visits. The counselor will answer any questions you may have about filing for a divorce yourself and provide you with the necessary paperwork. One such piece of paperwork will be the official document announcing your divorce called a "Petition for Dissolution of Marriage."
Fill out the paperwork. Most of the paperwork comes with specific instructions on what kind of information you'll need to provide. The paperwork is meant to validate your intentions of filing for a divorce; the kind of family situation involved; what kind of custody has been agreed to if there are children; and a division of any assets. You may need to list your assets on these forms. If you are confused about any of the paperwork, make an appointment with your counselor and she can assist you.
File your petition for dissolution of marriage with the local county clerk. This will set in motion the process of having the papers served to your spouse. You will not be allowed to give your spouse the notice of divorce yourself. A county sheriff must deliver these papers. There may be a fee to have these papers served and you must pay this fee. The fee is usually small, under $50. This fee is for the clerk's processing work as well as the sheriff's time in serving the papers.
Participate in a parenting class if you and your spouse have children. This is mandatory whether or not the spouse feels it is needed. Both spouses must take this class. This class may be a "group class" where other parents in the process of divorce will be attending. This class is meant to coach parents on the effects a divorce can have on their children; where to find help for these types of conflicts; and the kinds of things parents can do to make this transition easier for their children. This class will provide helpful material on how children can cope with divorce. Many attendees are encouraged to share their stories and counsel each other with their own experiences.
Attend your divorce hearing. Normally, there is a 90-day waiting period you must first observe that starts after your spouse has been served the papers. However, some counties allow Oregon residents to request the waiting period to be canceled in cases such as hardship, family emergencies or if one spouse poses a threat to the other spouse and/or children. Either way, you will be notified by the court of the time and date of the hearing. If there are no problems from either spouse, you have filled out all the paperwork and have taken the parenting class, if required, and everything is in order, the judge will sign your petition and grant your divorce.