Regulations on Crossing the Border Between Canada and the US

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US Citizens

Citizens of the United States wishing to cross the border into Canada must provide a U.S. passport, a U.S. passport card or an enhanced driver's license (EDL). A passport card is less costly than a full passport, but can only be used at land and sea entry ports. Several U.S. states now offer enhanced driver's licenses, which function as a statement of U.S. citizenship.

U.S. (and Canadian) citizens may also apply for the NEXUS program, which pre-approves low risk travelers for expedited processing and clearance at airports and other areas where you may come into the country. You must also present tickets or documents that facilitate your travel back to the United States or to another country after Canada. No vaccinations are required for American Citizens wishing to travel to Canada.

Canadian Citizens

Canadian citizens who wish to cross the border into the United States must present a Canadian Passport or an enhanced driver's license, which Canadian provinces now issue. The EDL may only be used at land or sea entry points.

Canadian citizens are also eligible for the NEXUS program. Canadians do not need vaccinations to enter the United States. When crossing the border into the U.S., Canadians must provide a return ticket to Canada or another country, or state the amount of time they intend to stay in the United States.

Permanent Residents or Foreign Nationals

Permanent residents of another nation who are currently in the process of applying for U.S. or Canadian citizenship must enter either country under the rules of their country of origin, even though they are currently living permanently in the U.S. or Canada. This includes carrying a passport from their country of origin. The same rules apply for foreign nationals entering one of the two countries from the other.

References

About the Author

Jhonna Moye began writing professionally in 2010 and has had her travel and tourism articles published on various websites. She received a Bachelor of Science in biology from Concord University in Athens, W.Va.

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