How to Determine Land Boundaries

••• detector de metales image by Marco Antonio Fdez. from

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Being able to identify the boundaries of a plot of land is important not only for your own knowledge, but also if you wish to put up a fence, install hedges or sell the property. However, where one piece of land ends and another begins may not be all that clear on the surface. Thankfully, there is a way to locate the boundaries of the land using simple techniques.

Step 1

Survey the property by walking around it. Look for boundary poles set in the corners of the land or other visual markers like fences or tree lines.

Step 2

Look for boundary pins in the ground if no other visual markers are around. A surveyor will often drive metal pins or stakes into the ground a few inches from the surface to mark out boundary corner points. Use a metal detector to find the pins.

Step 3

Dig down to expose each of the pin heads. Take care not to remove or shift the pins in any way. Place a wood stake on the pin and bury it in place. You can then use the wood stakes as visual markers.

Step 4

Measure out the distance between each wood stake with the measuring tape. Make note of the distance from one stake to another, outlining the land's boundaries.

Step 5

If there are no pins or visual markers, consult the land deed or property records. Records can be found at your county’s land office. Most of the records will indicate a past survey, illustrations of the property shape and size, as well as legal descriptions. Use the information you find to update and map out the boundaries.


About the Author

Brenda Barron is a writer, editor and researcher based in Southern California. She has worked as a writer since 2004, with work appearing in online and print publications such as BabyZone, "Cat Fancy" and "ePregnancy." She holds a Bachelor of Arts in English literature from California State University, Long Beach.

Photo Credits

  • detector de metales image by Marco Antonio Fdez. from