An ongoing effort of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration is reaching out to workers through the OSHA Directorate of Training and Education. The directorate authorizes Train the Trainer courses where individuals gain certification to teach 10- and 30-hour outreach courses to workers. These training certifications are taught through OSHA Training Institutes. The OTI is set up and funded up to 90 percent by OSHA through state universities and/or state departments of labor. OSHA mandates that all core topics that are taught be based on the 29 CFR and subparts--Title 29 Code of Federal Regulations, subparts 1910, 1915,1917, 1918 and 1926.
There are six topics that are mandatory to be taught during this course, one hour per course: Introduction to OSHA; Walking and Working Surfaces, Sub-part D, including fall protection; Exit Routes, Emergency Action Plans, Fire Prevention Plans and Fire Protection, Sub-part E & L; Electrical, Sub-part S; Personal Protective Equipment, Sub-part I; and Hazard Communication, Subpart Z.
Two more hours of electives are to be taught from the following subjects: Hazardous Materials, Sub-part H; Materials Handling, Sub-part N; Machine Guarding, Sub-part O; Introduction to Industrial Hygiene, Sub-part Z; Bloodborne Pathogens, Sub-part Z; Ergonomics; or Safety and Health Program. Two additional hours can then be taught to expand on the subjects listed above.
In the 10-hour construction course, there are four mandatory hours to be taught: one hour of Introduction to OSHA; two hours of the OSHA Focus Four Hazards; 30 minutes of Personal Protective and Lifesaving Equipment, Subpart E; and 30 minutes of Health Hazards in Construction (e.g., noise, hazards communication and crystalline silica). There are two hours of electives chosen from the following topics: Materials Handling, Storage, Use and Disposal, Subpart H; Tools - Hand and Power, Subpart I; Scaffolds, Subpart L; Cranes, Derricks, Hoists, Elevators and Conveyors, Subpart N; Excavations, Subpart P; and Stairways and Ladders, Subpart X. The remaining four hours can be taught on other hazards of the construction industry or as an expansion of the topics listed above.
There are three distinct classes for the maritime industry 10-hour card that are taken from 29 CFR 1910, 1915, 1917 and 1918. The courses are: Shipyard Employment, including ship repairing, shipbuilding, shipbreaking; Marine Terminals; and Longshoring. The mandatory classes include Introduction to OSHA; Walking and Working Surfaces; Personal Protective Equipment; Fall Protection/ Scaffolding; Electrical; Confined and Enclosed Spaces; and Fire Protection. Additional elective classes can be on Hazardous Communication/ Materials; Lockout/ Tagout; Respiratory Protection; Bloodborne Pathogens; Material Handling; Machine Guarding; and Ergonomic Techniques.
The courses are taught in a classroom environment using a course book. There are additional training materials offered by OSHA to include PowerPoint presentations, brochures, pamphlets and videos. Hands-on training can be used; however, it is not mandatory.
Awarding the Card
Upon successful completion and demonstration of the knowledge of the subjects by the students, the trainer will send a completed form to the OTI in which they obtained their training certification. The OTI will record the names of participants and will issue OSHA 10-hour cards for each student. The trainer will fill out and sign each card and then award these cards to the students.
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