How to File Income Tax From a Pension

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Congratulations on your retirement. Retirement can have a number of attendant frustrations and joys. As with many profound change in lifestyle, subtle differences exist in the way one is expected to relay those changes to the government, particularly in matters of taxation. If you are receiving a pension, there may be some additional considerations to be made, depending on which state you live in. However, the treatment of pensions on the federal level is remarkably even-handed. While pensions would seem to bring up a whole new set of headaches, the treatment of pensions in the tax system is easily understandable with just a few basic instructions.

Treat money accrued from a pension exactly like income. A pension is taxable, just as your paycheck was.

Anticipate tax statements in the form of a 1099-R. This form will show the gross financial benefits received over the previous year alongside taxable income. It will also list any withholdings made from your pension by the federal government.

File taxes with a 1040 form. There will be a separate box for pension income as opposed to other varieties of income. This difference means that a 1040EZ cannot be used to file for income derived from a pension.

Gauge your age in anticipating tax rates. Those who receive pension benefits before the age of 59 1/2 can expect to be taxed at a rate 10 percent higher than the standard income tax rate.

Evaluate tax obligations in your state. Each state has different rules when it comes to taxing pensions. Some do not tax pensions at all, while others treat it like income, just as on the federal level.


  • Pension is separate from Social Security benefits.


About the Author

Based in Seattle, Louie Doverspike has been a professional writer since 2004. His work has appeared in various publications, including "AntiqueWeek" magazine, the "Prague Post" and "Seattle Represent!" Doverspike holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from Hamilton College.