A motion is essentially a legal request to a judge asking for a decision about a case. This specific request varies depending on the person filing the motion, or moving party's, goals in filing the motion. Typically, your lawyer will file any necessary motions for you. If you are representing your own case, then you are not legally required to have an attorney draft a motion for you. Some common legal motions include motion to dismiss, motion to strike and motion for summary judgment.
How to Format a Motion to the Courts
Create a legal heading for your motion. This should include the name of court you are petitioning, the names of the plaintiff and defendant, the case number and name of the judge you are motioning. Here is an example of a header:
STATE OF ARKANSAS
DISTRICT COURT OF BENTONVILLE
Case Number D-3697
Hon. Benjamin T. Smith
Capitalize your title head. Begin the legal motion by writing an appropriate title in all capital letters. The title should clearly explain your motion. For example:
PETITIONER'S MOTION TO DISMISS
Declare the facts. Under a capitalized heading titled FACTS or DECLARATION, you need to explain only the facts of the case. Do not plead your case yet. Just state the known facts which are relevant to your case.
Write the memorandum using the law and legal precedent to plead your case. This is your opportunity to argue the reason why you are motioning the court. This is the time to explain why the law supports your motion and convince the judge to grant your motion.
Conclude the motion with a brief summary of your request. Restate your goal in filing the motion and what you hope to move the judge to decide.