People sue each other all the time, for all sorts of reasons. The most common reasons are breach of contract, consumer law violations, personal injury and property damage. When Georgia's residents have issues they can't resolve on their own, they may take their claims to Magistrate Court to be decided by a judge. If you are a resident of Georgia and feel you have a reason to file a lawsuit, all that is required is that you fill out the proper paperwork.
Pay the filing fees required to file your case in Magistrate Court. Filing fees vary in each county. Call the Magistrate Court Clerk's Office to find out how much you must pay before filing your claim. Inform the clerk if you cannot afford to pay the filing fees. The clerk will tell you how to file a Pauper's Affidavit. The Pauper's Affidavit is a statement saying that you cannot afford to pay the filing fees. Some counties require that Pauper's Affidavits be approved by the judge.
File the lawsuit in the county where the defendant lives or, if you are suing a business, file in the county where the business is based or incorporated. The court clerk will give you a form to complete. The form is considered your complaint. Include the name of the person you are suing, known as the defendant, and the reason you are filing the suit. The defendant has 30 days to reply to the complaint. The defendant's written reply is known as an "answer." The trial is typically scheduled 15 to 30 days after the defendant files an answer to the claim. The court will inform you of the trial date after the defendant files an answer. Bring all necessary papers and any witnesses you may have to court on the trial date. If the defendant does not answer by the time limit, you will win the judgment by default and be awarded your claim amount, filing fee and all other court costs.
Get a copy of the complaint from the clerk along with a summons form. Take the summons to the sheriff or marshal who will serve the documents to the defendant. The documents inform the defendant why you are suing him or her and how to answer the lawsuit. The company's registered agent is served if you are suing a corporation.