The Federal Labor Standards Act (FLSA) commissions all states to abide by specific labor standards and employment laws. These standards protect the rights of workers to ensure they receive fair pay and adequate working conditions. The Industrial Commission of Arizona is the regulating authority for Arizona employers. The commission establishes state-specific labor laws and ensures Arizona employers adhere to federal labor standards.
Arizona employers must pay workers a wage of no less than the required minimum as set by the Industrial Commission of Arizona. As of January 1, 2010, minimum wage in Arizona was $7.25 per hour. Minimum wage increases with the cost of living every January. Exceptions apply to employees who receive tips. Tipped employees may be paid a wage up to $3.00 an hour less than minimum wage.
Payment of Wages
Arizona employers must designate at least two paydays each month not more than 16 days apart, according to the Arizona State Legislature. Employers are required to pay employees their salary for all hours worked, including applicable overtime, on each payday. Employers are prohibited to withhold any portion of an employee's salary without the worker's written consent or as required by state or federal law. Terminated or discharged employees have the right to receive payment within three working days of the last day of employment or the end of the next pay period, whichever is sooner.
Federal labor standards define overtime as time worked above an employee's regular full-time (40-hour) schedule. Federal law requires an employer to pay employees overtime pay of at least one and a half times an employee's regular salary. Federal overtime laws apply in the state of Arizona. If an employer pays workers a higher salary for working nights or weekends, it is a matter of agreement between the employer and the employee.
Organizations who employ minors must follow specific labor requirements regarding salary and pay. In Arizona, a minor is considered a person under the age of 18. There is no distinction between adult and minor workers for the purpose of minimum wage, but labor laws vary dramatically. For example, youth workers under the age of 16 are prohibited from working in construction, laundry facilities or in the manufacturing industry. Workers under age 18 cannot work in any industry that involves radioactive substances or heavy machinery and equipment. Arizona employers must adhere to federal child labor laws regarding the number of hours a minor can work, as well as the days and times a minor can be employed.