Emancipation is the process of granting a person under the age of 18 the right to act on their own behalf without the need for a guardian. Minors wishing to be emancipated are expected to prove their self-sufficiency. In Texas, this process is referred to as the removal of disabilities of minority.
Before being considered for emancipation, minors in Texas must either be 17-years-old, or 16-years-old and living separate from their parents or guardians. They must also be able to demonstrate they are financially independent.
A petition does not have to be submitted with a specific form, however it must contain the following information: petitioner's name, age and place of residence; name and residence of living parent(s); name and residence of guardians if any; name and residence of conservator if any; reason why the removal is in the minor's best interest; and the reasons for the removal's request. Petitions should be submitted to the minor's district court clerk's office.
Texas uses a civil case information sheet for the filing of all civil cases. This document is available online at any Texas district court clerk's website, as well as at the offices. While the form is not required for the filing of an emancipation petition, it can be used to organize the responses.