The size of an estate in Illinois can affect how the estate is distributed. Estates smaller than $100,000 will go through a different process than large estates.
Small Estate Affidavit
An Illinois estate left by a decedent, which does not exceed $100,000 in value can prepare a small estate affidavit. This allows collection of property from debtors, property custodians and transfer agents, according to FamilyEstate.com.
The decedent's Illinois property must be probated if it exceeds $100,000 in value. After filing the will, you must petition the probate court to admit the will to probate.
In Illinois, if there was no will left by the decedent, a petition to the probate court must request issuance of letters of office to an heir or another person of interest. This person is known as the administrator of the estate.