The State of Florida protects employee rights with a series of strict labor laws enforcing wage determination, fair child labor rules, unemployment compensation, notification rights, workplace safety and protection from discrimination and sexual harassment. In most instances, Florida employees have the right to anonymously file complaint when employers violate these rights.
Florida state law stipulates that employees have the right to receive at least minimum wage payment for their work. Florida’s minimum wage is $7.25 as of 2010, which is equal to the federally established minimum wage in 2010. Florida employees who receive tips may receive lesser hourly wages of $4.23–a wage rate established in 2009–provided that their hourly tip rate equals or exceeds $3.02 per hour, according to the State of Florida Agency for Workforce Innovation.
Florida employees who aren’t paid the minimum wage have the right to take civil action against their employers.
Florida Child Employee Rights
Minor Florida employees are entitled to special rights under Florida law. Child employees in Florida have the right to a 30-minute uninterrupted break for every four consecutive hours worked. Child employees have the right to work only in industries determined to be safe by the State of Florida, and are prohibited from working for businesses involving explosives, radioactive materials, mining, slaughtering, and other hazardous occupations.
Florida workers have the right to file for unemployment compensation if they are unemployed or partially unemployed. Employees who have earned at least $3,400 during a particular business quarter, or “base period,” may have the right to monetary compensation. Florida employees may not have the right to unemployment compensation if they were fired for misconduct or voluntarily quit.
Florida employees have the right to a 60-day advance notice in the event of plant closings or mass layoffs. Mass layoffs are defined as firing 33% of the workforce within a 30-day time period.
Employees in Florida are guaranteed the right to a safe workplace environment under Florida state law. Workplaces must be free from dangerous or hazardous elements that might cause physical injury or death. Should the workplace become unsafe, employees have the right to make an anonymous complaint to state or federal agencies without fear of employer reprisal.
Freedom From Discrimination And Harassment
Florida employees have the right to work without fear or discrimination or harassment. It’s illegal under Florida law for employees to be discriminated against because of age, race, sex, disability, religion, national origin or pregnancy. It’s also illegal under Florida law for employees to be sexually harassed, including direct sexual contact, offers of benefits or special favors based on sexual contact or working in an overtly sexual environment.