The Ohio Landlord-Tenant Act of 1974 describes the rights and duties of landlords and tenants. However, it doesn't apply to mobile home trailer parks, owner-occupied condominiums, hotels, motels, tourist homes, hospitals, nursing homes, farm residences with at least two acres of land, or school dormitories. Other laws cover those residences.
Landlords have the right to charge any amount they want for a security deposit. However, the landlord has to pay the tenant interest at the rate of 5 percent per year on any amount over $50, or one month's rent, whichever is greater. This applies only if the tenant occupies the premises for at least six months.
The landlord has a right to expect his tenants to keep their residence clean and hygienic. In addition, he can expect them to dispose of their garbage in a safe manner, operate electrical and plumbing fixtures properly, and comply with state and local housing, safety and health codes. The landlord also has a right to expect the tenants to maintain all appliances in good working order, not disturb their neighbors, and not violate laws governing controlled substances. Finally, the landlord can expect that neither the tenants nor their guests will destroy his property.
Landlords have the right to conduct regular inspections of the property. However, they must give tenants 24 hours notice, except in the case of an emergency, and should enter only at reasonable times.
Raising the Rent
Landlords may raise the rent after a lease has expired by giving the tenant either a 7-day or a 30-day notice, depending on whether the tenants are on a month-to-month or week-to-week lease.
Landlords have a right to evict tenants when their lease has expired, or if they don't pay their rent when it's due. Landlords can also evict tenants who complains to a government agency about housing violations that they caused themselves. If tenants break important terms of the lease, or don't comply with proper notice to correct conditions that affect health and safety, or refuse to give the landlord reasonable access to the property, the landlord has the right to evict them. The landlord can also evict a tenant who is a registered sex offender and occupies a building located within 1,000 feet of a school or daycare center. Finally, the landlord can evict a tenant if complying with housing laws would require alteration or demolition of the building.
Following eviction, a landlord may seek judgment for unpaid utilities and rental payments that are due for the rest of the lease, even though the tenant is no longer living there. The landlord can also seek judgment for damages done to his property by the tenants.