Americans who wish to immigrate to Iceland must meet a series of requirements before entering the country. Iceland's immigration requirements are fairly simple for citizens of the European Economic Area (EEA), but Americans face stricter guidelines.
Anyone wishing to immigrate to Iceland must first obtain a residence permit before being allowed to file as a permanent resident. You can gain a residence permit if you plan on working in Iceland, moving to Iceland because of your education or you are planning to come to Iceland to live with family. You must apply for a residence permit with the Icelandic Directorate of Immigration.
All American citizens must have medical insurance for their first six months in Iceland. Proof of medical insurance needs to accompany the residence permit application.
Once you have entered Iceland on the residence permit you will be required to obtain a personal identification number (PID) before you can continue with the immigration process. You must file the application with the national registry. The application can be found online and submitted by mail. A copy of the applicant's passport must accompany the application.
You must report your residence within the first seven days of your stay in Iceland if you wish to proceed with the immigration process. Within the first six months you must have a place of permanent residence (legal domicile).