Stun guns are weapons that use an electric shock to incapacitate a person. Taser is the most popular brand name manufacturer of stun guns. Possession of stun guns is legal in California as long as they are not so powerful as to be lethal. It is also legal to sell Tasers and stun guns, and law enforcement officers are authorized to carry them in their official capacity.
Less Lethal Weapons
Stun guns are defined in section 244.5 of the California Penal Code as any offensive or defensive weapons capable of temporarily immobilizing a person by the infliction of an electrical charge. More generally, though, a stun is classified in the Penal Code as a less lethal weapon as long as it is designed to stun a person through the infliction physical pain or discomfort or the impairment of physical condition, function or senses to a degree that is not fatal.
Use by Law Enforcement and General Public
The California Penal Code expressly allows for peace officers and custodial officers to carry less lethal weapons, including Tasers and stun guns, for use in their official duties. It is generally legal for any resident, except for a felon, to possess a Taser or stun gun in California for legitimate self defense purposes, except for in public buildings and public meetings. Minors aged 16 and above can purchase, possess or use a Taser or stun gun with permission from a parent of legal guardian.
It is legal to sell less than lethal Tasers and stun guns in California, subject to certain requirements and restriction. A stun gun must be sold with an instruction booklet and must possess a stamped or engraved manufacturer's serial number. Sale to a minor, except a minor over 16 years old and with parental consent, is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of up to $1,000 and/or up to six months in imprisonment. It is also illegal to sell a Taser to anyone addicted to narcotics.
Assault with a Stun Gun
Any assault carried out with a stun gun is a punishable by up to a year in county jail or three years in state prison, depending on the severity and prior criminal history. Assault with a stun gun or Taser of a police officer or firefighter while in the course of their official duties is a more serious offense, punishable by up to a year in county jail or up to four years in state prison. Assault with a stun gun powerful enough to be considered a deadly is a more serious crime still that is punishable by up to four years imprisonment and or a fine of up to $10,000.