Residential landlord and tenant acts set out the rights and responsibilities of both landlords and those who rent from them. In Kansas, the state Residential Landlord & Tenant Act sets out the law on many typical landlord and tenant issues, including security deposit amounts, grounds for eviction, and the circumstances under which a landlord can enter a rental home without advance notice.
The Residential Landlord & Tenant Act of Kansas sets limits on the amount a landlord can charge as a security deposit. A landlord can charge up to one month's rent as a security deposit for an unfurnished rental unit. If the space is furnished, the security deposit can be equal to one and a half month's rent. If a tenant has pets, the landlord can request an additional half-month's rent as a pet deposit.
A Kansas landlord is obligated to make sure that her rental units are up to code and that the units are safe and habitable. Landlords are also responsible for maintaining all outside and common areas of the property. If individual rental units do not have direct connections with local utility services, the landlord must provide her tenants with "reasonable" amounts of hot water and heat. A landlord must also provide for garbage removal, unless the rental agreement or lease specifies that the tenant is responsible for waste removal services.
Landlords are required to notify tenants with month-to-month rental agreements with 30 days notice of a rental increase or the decision to switch a utility into the tenant's name.
A tenant must pay his rent on time to the landlord, and the landlord can specify the manner in which the rent can be paid. For example, a landlord may decide that she does not want to be paid by personal check, and can require that the tenant pay with a money order or bank check. Tenants are also responsible for their own conduct, as well as the conduct of their family and guests while in the rental unit. Tenants are responsible for repairing any damage that they cause to their home beyond normal wear and tear.
Landlord Right of Entry
Tenants have a right to enjoy their homes undisturbed. Unless there is an emergency, landlords are obligated to give reasonable notice to tenants before entering the premises.
Eviction in Kansas can only be ordered by a judge. A landlord must inform her tenant, in writing, of her intention to evict the tenant prior to actually filing for eviction. The tenant has the right to attend the eviction hearing and present any evidence that might persuade the judge to not order the eviction. If the judge does order an eviction, only the sheriff can actually enforce it: It is against the law for a landlord to physically remove a tenant from the rental unit.