Indiana Inheritance Law

By Kate Fogle
Family connections, inheritance
family tree image by Judy Ben Joud from Fotolia.com

When someone dies without leaving a will or other document to distribute the property, the estate is distributed by inheritance. Indiana has a system of inheritance that specifically identifies the rights of each interested party.

Surviving Spouse

The surviving spouse inherits the whole estate if no parents, children or other descendants of the decedent outlive him. The spouse inherits three-quarters of the estate if any parent is still alive and one-half if any descendant is alive. If the decedent has a descendant from a previous marriage, the surviving spouse inherits only one-quarter of the value of any real property.

Descendants

Descendants inherit the remainder not distributed to the surviving spouse or, if no spouse survives, the entire estate. Children are entitled to equal shares. Other descendants receive a proportional share based on how closely they are related.

Other Family Members

Parents, siblings and the children of siblings share the remainder not distributed to a spouse or descendants. Parents share equally with siblings, except that a parent is entitled to at least one-quarter of the estate.

Exception

A parent may not inherit from her child if she was convicted of causing the death of the child’s other parent.

The State

When no relatives are alive, the property goes to the state.

About the Author

Kate Fogle, an attorney and former English teacher, is the communications director for a non-profit agency in Stockton, Calif. Prior to recent articles on eHow.com, her writing has been published in-house for professional purposes. Fogle is a graduate of UC Davis with a JD from UC Berkeley’s Boalt Hall.