Some legal terms actually mean what they sound like they mean -- in a colorful way, no less. Clawback provisions are found in many types of contracts, allowing one party or both to drag back and recapture compensation if certain conditions aren’t met.
Clawback provisions are typically found in employment contracts, particularly in occupations that involve big bumps of “up front” money, such as a signing bonus. An employer might offer you such a perk because you’re excellent at what you do and he wants you to work for him and not a competitor. The bonus sweetens the pot. If you accept the money, and then quit and go to work for the competitor anyway, a clawback provision safeguards the employer against losing the bonus money. You’d have to give it back if you signed a contract that included such a clause. Some sales contracts also have clawback provisions, providing that you get your money back if you cancel the deal within a prescribed period of time.